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Is Huawei's 5.5G Breakthrough Bringing AI to the Skies

Article May 30, 2024 nan

Huawei Launches the World's First 5.5G Intelligent Core Network. 5.5G is slated for commercial use in 2024, and as 5.5G, AI, and cloud converge, carriers can unleash the potential of new applications and capabilities, such as hyper-precise localization, traffic management, smart transportation, environmental monitoring, healthcare applications in smart devices, etc. The high-speed network, coupled with ubiquitous intelligent connectivity, brings AI into the air, enabling the aforementioned end applications. Lets first understand Ubiquitous Intelligent Connectivity Ubiquitous Intelligent Connectivity promises a future where everything is connected, intelligent, and responsive. It’s more than just faster internet speeds or smarter devices; it’s about creating an immersive digital environment that enhances efficiency, productivity, and quality of life across industries and communities. Ubiquitous Intelligent Connectivity has mainly three technologies.

Wireless network sensing plays a crucial role in Ubiquitous Intelligent Connectivity by monitoring signal strength, bandwidth, congestion, and device movement. This real-time data enables dynamic resource allocation and proactive network optimization, ensuring seamless connectivity and user experiences.

Wireless Sensing using 6G networks

The transition from 4G to 5G has led to an expansion of spectrum allocations towards higher frequencies, a trend expected to continue into 6G deployments, potentially including sub-Terahertz regions. This opens up possibilities for highly accurate sensing using radar-like technology, where reflections of transmitted signals provide spatial awareness of surroundings. While sensing capability is relevant across mobile communication frequencies, this post focuses on higher bands. Future sensing capabilities could enhance network performance by providing input for optimization, such as detecting temporary obstructions in transmission paths and enabling rapid beam steering to maintain communication. These capabilities extend to spatial monitoring, offering various resolutions depending on frequency. Frequencies around 100 GHz can achieve sub-centimeter resolution, though reflective properties and proximity to other objects affect accuracy. Unlike visual images, sensing based on signal reflections provides crude images but offers unique advantages. Few pointers on why and how 6G is bring new spark in wireless sensing

Challenges

Like in many other domains, 6G integrated sensing and communication naturally encounter obstacles requiring attention. Within the realm of 6G sensing, the research spectrum is vast, delving into physical layer elements such as crafting the most effective waveform and determining bandwidth needs, as well as examining optimal system architectures and the fusion of communication and sensing data. The amalgamation of sensing and communication within a unified structure elevates system complexity. Therefore, conducting thorough and accurate measurements becomes imperative for assessing the effectiveness and efficacy of the Integrated Sensing and Communication (ISAC) system.

Players exploring wireless sensing

In wireless sensing Qualcomm has actively filling patent, The Company is active in almost every country. Huawei introducing 5.5G wireless sensing technology across the world has filled patent all around the world with China being the top country to file the patent. Here are top 10 jurisdiction where Qualcomm and Huawei have filled Patent their patent since 2018.

For Qualcomm In the above data, 86.4% patent families are alive and 13.6 are dead. While Huawei has 97.92 % patent families are alive and 2.08% families are dead China Mobile Research Institute and Rohde & Schwarz are collaborating on the research and validation of integrated sensing and communication (ISAC). Use of Terahertz frequency in the localization of wireless sensing Terahertz (THz) frequencies are emerging as a promising solution for wireless sensing applications, particularly in the field of localization. Use of Terahertz has few advantage over previously use frequency Here are few advantage and disadvantages of THz

Many companies are filing patents in wireless technology. Location information using wireless technology with terahertz is an emerging field, and in recent years, a few patents have been filed in this domain. Since 6G will operate on THz frequencies, which offer several advantages in wireless sensing over previously used frequencies, we can expect this domain to receive more attention in patent filings in the upcoming years. Here is a comparison between patent filling trend in wireless sensing in communication and wireless sensing in communication using THz.

Passive IoT sensing

Passive Iot is a crucial part of wireless sensing technology. There is a growing trend towards passive IoT deployment with minimal power consumption. This shift necessitates the implementation key technologies:

In the upcoming era of 6G, the relentless need for improved performance and expanded capacities will necessitate the utilization of increasingly higher frequency bands, wider bandwidth signals, innovative methods for integrating communication and sensing, and novel strategies for ensuring security and trust. These advancements will drive the development of a 6G architecture that is not only tailored for efficient communication but also facilitates users in comprehending and interacting with the physical world, thereby enhancing human capabilities in intuitive manners.
Join us in exploring the captivating world of Telecom, IOT and AI. Stay tuned for the latest updates on market trends and technological advancements.

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